© National Portrait Gallery, London
'Rodney triumphant - or - Admiral Lee Shore in the dumps'
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery Click on the links below to find out more
hand-coloured etching, published 31 May 1782
9 3/4 in. x 13 7/8 in. (249 mm x 352 mm) paper size
- Elizabeth d'Achery (active 1782). Artist associated with 11 portraits.
- James Gillray (1756-1815), Caricaturist. Artist associated with 881 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Charles James Fox (1749-1806), Whig statesman. Sitter associated with 299 portraits.
- François Joseph Paul, Comte de Grasse (active 1782), French admiral in the West Indies. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732-1792), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 64 portraits.
- Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel (1725-1786), Admiral. Sitter associated with 29 portraits.
- Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond and Lennox (1735-1806), Field Marshal, ambassador to France and politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department. Sitter in 27 portraits.
- George Bridges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney (1718-1792), Admiral. Sitter in 16 portraits.
- John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), First Lord of the Admiralty. Sitter associated with 25 portraits.
Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford resigns as Prime Minister over recent setbacks in America and is succeeded by Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham who takes office for the second time. Rockingham dies on 1 July and is succeeded by William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne.Repeal of Poynings Law and Declaratory Act of 1720 gives virtual legislative autonomy to Ireland.
Art and science
After a poor reception in the mid 1770s, actress Sarah Siddons makes a triumphant return to the Drury Lane Theatre, London in the title role of Isabella, or, The Fatal Marriage
. She will become the century's best known tragic actress. Clergyman and artist William Gilpin publishes Observations on the River Wye
; a central text in the formulation of the concept of the picturesque.
American War of Independence: Siege of Gibraltar reaches a climax in the Grand Assault but French and Spanish forces are unsuccessful. Britain loses Minorca prompting the Prime Minister, Lord Rockingham, to open peace talks with the Americans. Thomas Grenville is sent to Paris to negotiate with Benjamin Franklin. Paper manufacturer Joseph Montgolfier sends a hot-air balloon 1000 meters into the air, in front of a crowd in the Ardèche in France.