John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale; Elizabeth Murray, Duchess of Lauderdale and Countess of Dysart

1 portrait

John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale; Elizabeth Murray, Duchess of Lauderdale and Countess of Dysart, by Robert Williams, published by  Richard Tompson, after  Sir Peter Lely, 1678-1679 - NPG D13147 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale; Elizabeth Murray, Duchess of Lauderdale and Countess of Dysart

by Robert Williams, published by Richard Tompson, after Sir Peter Lely
mezzotint, 1678-1679
12 7/8 in. x 15 3/8 in. (327 mm x 391 mm) cut
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
Reference Collection
NPG D13147


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Sittersback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 841 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
  • Richard Tompson (died 1693), Publisher, printseller, auctioneer and dealer. Artist associated with 116 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
  • Robert Williams (active 1680-1704), Mezzotinter. Artist associated with 75 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D13146: John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale; Elizabeth Murray, Duchess of Lauderdale and Countess of Dysart (from same plate)
  • NPG D11673: John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale; Elizabeth Murray, Duchess of Lauderdale and Countess of Dysart (from same plate)
  • NPG D29432: John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale; Elizabeth Murray, Duchess of Lauderdale and Countess of Dysart (from same plate)
  • NPG D29435: John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale; Elizabeth Murray, Duchess of Lauderdale and Countess of Dysart (from same plate)
  • NPG D37192: John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale; Elizabeth Murray, Duchess of Lauderdale and Countess of Dysart (from same plate)
  • NPG D37193: John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale; Elizabeth Murray, Duchess of Lauderdale and Countess of Dysart (from same plate)

Events of 1678back to top

Current affairs

Informer, Titus Oates, concocts the Popish Plot, an elaborate tale of a Catholic conspiracy to murder the king, enthrone James, Duke of York and catholicize England. The story provokes panic and persecution of Catholics. Extension of the Test Act (1673) excludes Catholics from both the House of Lords and Parliament.

Art and science

While imprisoned under the Conventicle Act, author John Bunyan, writes the first part of Pilgrims Progress, considered to be one of the most important religious works in the English language. Poet laureate, John Dryden, publishes All for Love, an adaptation of William Shakespeare's Anthony and Cleopatra.

International

Last major conflict of the Franco-Dutch war, battle of St. Denis, is fiercely fought despite a peace treaty signed days earlier between the two countries. Prince William of Orange, leading Dutch forces, fights alongside his confidant, Hans Willem Bentinck, and an English force, under James Scott, Duke of Monmouth.

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