© National Portrait Gallery, London
'A warm birth for the old administration'
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey Click on the links below to find out more
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 2 April 1783
9 3/4 in. x 13 7/8 in. (247 mm x 354 mm) paper size
- James Gillray (1756-1815), Caricaturist. Artist associated with 881 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
- William Humphrey (1742?-before 1815), Engraver and printseller. Artist associated with 69 portraits.
- John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (1713-1792), Prime Minister. Sitter in 12 portraits.
- Charles James Fox (1749-1806), Whig statesman. Sitter associated with 299 portraits.
- King George III (1738-1820), Reigned 1760-1820. Sitter associated with 183 portraits.
- Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732-1792), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 64 portraits.
- William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield (1705-1793), Judge. Sitter in 16 portraits.
- George Sackville Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville (1716-1785), Soldier and statesman. Sitter associated with 18 portraits.
- John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), First Lord of the Admiralty. Sitter associated with 25 portraits.
William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne resigns as Prime Minister over the proposed peace terms with the United States. Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford briefly forms a government with Charles James Fox in April but is succeeded by a government under William Pitt the Younger who, at the age of 24 becomes the youngest British Prime Minister ever to take office. The highwayman John Austin is the last person to be publicly executed at Tyburn.
Art and science
Physician and natural philosopher Erasmus Darwin begins publication of A System of Vegetables
, a translation from Latin of the work of Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus in which he coins many common English names of plants.
Defeat of Charles James Fox's India Bill in the House of Lords which aimed to assist ailing British East India Company. American War of Independence: Treaty of Paris is signed by Britain, France, Spain and the United States, under which the British government recognises US independence. Britain begins to evacuate loyalists and the last British troops leave New York City three months later.