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'Bubbles of opposition'

7 of 55 portraits of Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk

'Bubbles of opposition', by James Gillray, published 19 July 1788 - NPG D12385 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

'Bubbles of opposition'

by James Gillray
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 19 July 1788
13 3/4 in. x 8 7/8 in. (348 mm x 224 mm) paper size
Purchased, 1947
Reference Collection
NPG D12385


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Artistback to top

  • James Gillray (1756-1815), Caricaturist. Artist associated with 881 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.

Sittersback to top

Events of 1788back to top

Current affairs

Parliament begins an investigation into the slave trade, led by reformers Thomas Clarkson and William Wilberforce. Regency Crisis; George III's madness is announced provoking a political storm. Former Governor-General of Bengal Warren Hastings' trial begins before the House of Lords. Henry Benedict Stuart becomes the new Stuart claimant to the British throne.

Art and science

Artist Thomas Gainsborough dies. First edition of The Times newspaper is published in London. Scottish engineer and inventor William Symington demonstrates the first paddle steamer on Dalswinton Loch near Dumfries. Robert Burns writes his version of the Scots poem Auld Lang Syne.

International

Ministers of the French King, Louis XVI, reluctantly announce that the Estates General will meet the following year, for the first time since 1614. United States constitution comes into force when New Hampshire becomes the ninth state to ratify it. First Fleet reaches Australia, anchoring in Botany Bay. Arthur Phillip, selecting a suitable site for the first Australian penal colony, names the place Sydney Cove.

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