© National Portrait Gallery, London
'The battle between Mendoza and Humphrey...' (Daniel Mendoza; Richard Humphries)
probably by James Gillray, published by James Aitken Click on the links below to find out more
hand-coloured etching, published 7 May 1789
9 1/8 in. x 11 7/8 in. (232 mm x 301 mm) paper size
- James Aitken (active 1788-1795). Artist associated with 12 portraits.
- James Gillray (1756-1815), Caricaturist. Artist associated with 881 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
George III recovers from the previous year's illness. The 'Regency Crisis' and attendant political wrangling between the Tory Prime Minister William Pitt and the pro-Whig Prince of Wales end. Dismissed as a 'bilious attack', George's sickness was in fact the first sign of the mental health problems which led to the Prince of Wales's appointment as Regent in 1811.
Art and science
John Boydell's ambitious new Shakespeare Gallery opens in Pall Mall, displaying works by Britain's leading artists and attempting to combine urban entertainment with the promotion of British history painting. Philosopher Jeremy Bentham publishes An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
, outlining his 'greatest happiness principle'.
George Washington is elected first President of the United States.The French Revolution begins. The storming of the Bastille on the 14 July marks the overthrow of the absolute monarchy in France. The uprising followed the establishment of a governing National Assembly of the people's representatives.