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'The introduction'

2 of 17 portraits of Frederica Charlotte Ulrica Catherina, Duchess of York and Albany

'The introduction', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey, published 22 November 1791 - NPG D12432 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

'The introduction'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 22 November 1791
9 7/8 in. x 13 7/8 in. (251 mm x 354 mm) plate size; 10 5/8 in. x 14 5/8 in. (270 mm x 370 mm) paper size
Purchased, 1947
Reference Collection
NPG D12432


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Sittersback to top

Artistsback to top

  • James Gillray (1756-1815), Caricaturist. Artist associated with 881 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
  • Hannah Humphrey (active 1778-1822), Publisher and printseller. Artist associated with 718 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.

Placesback to top

Events of 1791back to top

Current affairs

Thomas Paine publishes his inflammatory and widely read Rights of Man in response to Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France of the previous year. The work advocates radical revolution and prompts a trial for seditious libel that takes place in his absence. The Catholic Relief Act is passed, repealing the most severe penal laws.

Art and science

Astronomer William Herschel discovers Uranus. Robert Burns publishes Tam O'Shanter, combining the Scottish vernacular with the formal traditions of classical English poetry and exploring radical ideas of freedom. The Observer newspaper is founded. The Ordnance Survey is set up to prepare detailed maps of the country.

International

Mozart composes The Magic Flute. The Declaration of the Rights of Man establishes liberal freedoms in France The French Constitution is passed by the National Assembly. Louis XVI flees Paris with his family but is captured at Varennes. William Pitt declares Britain will remain neutral in any war against France.

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