© National Portrait Gallery, London
'Tom Paine's nightly pest' (Charles James Fox; Thomas Paine; Joseph Priestley)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey Click on the links below to find out more
hand-coloured etching, published 10 December 1792
11 3/4 in. x 14 3/8 in. (298 mm x 364 mm) plate size; 12 in. x 14 5/8 in. (305 mm x 372 mm) paper size
- Charles James Fox (1749-1806), Whig statesman. Sitter associated with 299 portraits.
- Thomas Paine (1737-1809), Author of 'The Rights of Man'. Sitter in 12 portraits.
- Joseph Priestley (1733-1804), Theologian and scientist. Sitter in 28 portraits.
- James Gillray (1756-1815), Caricaturist. Artist associated with 881 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Hannah Humphrey (active 1778-1822), Publisher and printseller. Artist associated with 718 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
The famous seven year trial of Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal, on charges of embezzlement and murder, ends with his acquittal. Pro-Revolutionary philosopher Joseph Priestley's house is destroyed by a mob on the anniversary of the fall of the Bastille. Their actions are later seen as a key moment in the defeat of Enlightenment ideals in England.
Art and science
Mary Wollstonecraft publishes A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
; a radical work which called on women to be allies to one another; fearless in their support and free in their criticism.Sir Joshua Reynolds dies and is succeeded by Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy.
The mob invades the Tuileries and the French Royal Family is imprisoned marking the end of France's experiment with constitutional monarchy and the declaration of the first French Republic.The Revolutionary Commune is established in Paris.France declares war on Austria and then Prussia.