© National Portrait Gallery, London
Charles Fitzroy, 2nd Duke of Grafton when Lord Euston
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1689 (1685)
13 3/8 in. x 10 in. (340 mm x 255 mm) plate size, cut to plate size
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1680 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D2459: Charles Fitzroy, 2nd Duke of Grafton when Lord Euston (from same plate)
- NPG D34661: Charles Fitzroy, 2nd Duke of Grafton when Lord Euston (from same plate)
- NPG D30850: Charles Fitzroy, 2nd Duke of Grafton when Lord Euston (from same plate)
- NPG D34662: Charles Fitzroy, 2nd Duke of Grafton when Lord Euston (from same plate)
William III is crowned jointly with his wife Mary II in Westminster Abbey in an unprecedented coronation of two monarchs. The Bill of Rights is passed establishing the supremacy of Parliament, while limiting the power of the Crown.Scottish Jacobites defeat Williamite troops at the Battle of Killiiecrankie.
Art and science
Thomas Shadwell, appointed poet laureate and historiographer royal, replaces John Dryden, his literary adversary. John Riley and Godfrey Kneller are jointly appointed principal painter to the king.Composer Henry Purcell presents his opera, Dido and Aeneas
, at Josias Priest's girls' school.
Supported by Irish Catholics, deposed James II lands in Ireland with French troops commanded by Duc de Lauzun. Within months, James and Jacobite, Richard Talbot, Earl of Tyrconnel convene the 'Patriot Parliament' which re-establishes Catholics into government and repeals the Act of Settlement (1652), restoring confiscated lands to Catholic owners.