6 of 35 portraits of James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 January 1795
4 5/8 in. x 3 1/8 in. (119 mm x 80 mm) paper size
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Sitterback to top
- James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale (1759-1839), Scottish politician and author of 'Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Public Wealth'. Sitter associated with 35 portraits.
Artistsback to top
Related worksback to top
- NPG D12506: 'Military eloquence' (from same series as)
- NPG D12507: 'Ministerial eloquence' (from same series as)
- NPG D12508: 'Pulpit eloquence' (from same series as)
- NPG D12510: 'Bar eloquence' (from same series as)
- NPG D12511: Charles James Fox ('Opposition eloquence') (from same series as)
- NPG D12513: 'Billingsgate eloquence' (from same series as)
Events of 1795back to top
Current affairsGeorge, Prince of Wales is forced to marry Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, despite having secretly married Maria Fitzherbert in 1785.
Widespread rioting prompts the introduction of the Speenhamland system of welfare supplements which are linked to the price of bread.
Treasonable Practices Act is passed against open criticism of government.
Art and scienceThe MP Matthew Gregory 'Monk' Lewis publishes his notorious gothic novel The Monk to success and scandal because of its immoral content.
Mungo Park explores the course of the River Niger.
InternationalWolfe Tone, founder of The Society of United Irishmen, departs for America after being implicated in high treason in Ireland. Exiled in Philadelphia, he soon leaves for France to ask revolutionaries for assistance.
Joseph Haydn composes the English Canzonettas during his second stay in London.