© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Robert Southwell
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
13 5/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (345 mm x 252 mm) plate size; 14 1/8 in. x 10 3/8 in. (360 mm x 265 mm) paper size
- Sir Robert Southwell (1635-1702), Diplomat; secretary of state for Ireland; President of the Royal Society. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D19980: Sir Robert Southwell (from same plate)
- NPG D31190: Sir Robert Southwell (from same plate)
- NPG D41988: Sir Robert Southwell (from same plate)
Lord High Treasurer, Sidney Godolphin, with considerable financial acumen,begins to shift the country's dependence from short-term borrowing to long-term. His management of the country's revenue allowed the government to fund John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough's successful fight against France.
Art and science
Mathematical scientist, Isaac Newton, recently made President of the Royal Society, presents his second major publication, Opticks
, to the Society. Daniel Defoe launches The Review
, a periodical dedicated to news, specifically the war in Europe; it is published thrice weekly.
Battle of Blenheim marks a turning point in the War of the Spanish Succession, as allied armies under John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, and Princes Eugene of Savoy and Lewis of Baden defeat the Franco-Bavarian army on the River Danube. Admiral George Rooke captures Gibraltar.