© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Richard Gipps
by and published by John Smith, after John Closterman Click on the links below to find out more
13 3/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (340 mm x 250 mm) plate size; 13 3/4 in. x 10 1/8 in. (348 mm x 258 mm) paper size
- Sir Richard Gipps (1659-1708), Master of the Revels to Charles II and antiquarian. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- John Closterman (1660-1711). Artist associated with 62 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
The fellows of Magdalen College, defying James II's instructions that they choose a Roman Catholic as its president, elect John Hough, Bishop of Worcester. The crown subsequently expels the fellows and annuls Hough's position. The Declaration of Indulgence is issued, granting greater religious tolerance towards nonconformists and Catholics.
Art and science
Astronomer, Edmond Halley, publishes Isaac Newton's Principia
, Newton's theory on the laws of gravity and motion. Poet laureate, John Dryden, publishes The Hind and the Panther
, a pro-Catholic, allegorical poem constructed as a theological discussion between the animals who represent the Church of Rome and Church of England respectively.
Papist Richard Talbot is appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland, the first Catholic to take the position since the Reformation.