© National Portrait Gallery, London
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey Click on the links below to find out more
hand-coloured etching, published 8 December 1798
13 3/4 in. x 10 3/8 in. (350 mm x 263 mm) plate size; 14 1/4 in. x 10 5/8 in. (360 mm x 269 mm) paper size
- Napoléon Bonaparte (1769-1821), Emperor of France 1804-14. Sitter associated with 86 portraits.
- James Gillray (1756-1815), Caricaturist. Artist associated with 881 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Hannah Humphrey (active 1778-1822), Publisher and printseller. Artist associated with 718 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
To meet war costs, William Pitt introduces a Finance Bill which levies income tax for the first time.
Art and science
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