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'The guardian-angel'

18 of 24 portraits of Maria Anne Fitzherbert (née Smythe)

'The guardian-angel', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey, published 22 April 1805 - NPG D12842 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

'The guardian-angel'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 April 1805
14 3/4 in. x 10 3/8 in. (375 mm x 265 mm) plate size; 15 1/2 in. x 10 7/8 in. (395 mm x 275 mm) paper size
Purchased, 1947
Reference Collection
NPG D12842


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Artistsback to top

  • James Gillray (1756-1815), Caricaturist. Artist associated with 881 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
  • Hannah Humphrey (active 1778-1822), Publisher and printseller. Artist associated with 718 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.

Sittersback to top

Placesback to top

Events of 1805back to top

Current affairs

Nelson's state funeral is held at St Paul's. An occasion for an outpouring of national grief and patriotism, the grand ceremony built on the cult of Nelson which had emerged in the years before his death.

Art and science

Mary Tighe publishes Pysche or the Legend of Love, a romantic allegory in the fashionable medieval revival style, admired by both Keats and Shelley. The 'poems of Ossian' are officially declared a fake and a great literary scandal ends as Scottish poet James Macpherson is exposed as the forger of the third century bard's epic works.

International

Battle of Trafalgar. Napoleon's ultimate plan to invade England from Boulogne with 100,000 men is thwarted by superior British naval power. Nelson dies in the closing moments of battle having been wounded by a French sniper, but survives long enough to learn that a decisive victory has been won.

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