© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Robert White, after John Riley Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, late 17th century
10 1/2 in. x 7 1/8 in. (266 mm x 180 mm) plate size; 11 3/8 in. x 7 3/4 in. (289 mm x 196 mm) paper size
- John Ashton (died 1691), Courtier and Jacobite conspirator. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- John Riley (1646-1691), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 100 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Robert White (1645-1703), Engraver. Artist associated with 608 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Charles II mistress, Barbara Villiers, is created Duchess of Cleveland and granted Nonsuch Palace including its sizeable grounds. Actress and royal mistress, Nell Gwyn, gives birth to Charles II's son, Charles, who would later become, Duke of St. Albans.
Art and science
Tragicomedy, The Forc'd Marriage
, by Aphra Behn, staged by the Duke's Company, starts Behn's career as a professional writer. The writer may have been a royalist spy towards the end of the interregnum. Poet laureate, John Dryden, is made historiographer royal, a post he would hold for nearly 20 years.
Terms of a secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV are brought by Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans during a visit to Dover; upon England supplying the majority of military power for a war against Holland and Charles's official conversion to Catholicism, France would assist financially.