© National Portrait Gallery, London
'The fall of Phaeton' (King George IV; Maria Anne Fitzherbert (née Smythe))
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores Click on the links below to find out more
hand-coloured etching, published 1 July 1788
9 3/4 in. x 13 3/4 in. (248 mm x 348 mm) plate size; 9 7/8 in. x 13 3/4 in. (252 mm x 349 mm) paper size
- Samuel William Fores (baptised 1761-1838), Printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 71 portraits.
- James Gillray (1756-1815), Caricaturist. Artist associated with 881 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
Parliament begins an investigation into the slave trade, led by reformers Thomas Clarkson and William Wilberforce.Regency Crisis; George III's madness is announced provoking a political storm. Former Governor-General of Bengal Warren Hastings' trial begins before the House of Lords.Henry Benedict Stuart becomes the new Stuart claimant to the British throne.
Art and science
Artist Thomas Gainsborough dies. First edition of The Times
newspaper is published in London.Scottish engineer and inventor William Symington demonstrates the first paddle steamer on Dalswinton Loch near Dumfries.Robert Burns writes his version of the Scots poem Auld Lang Syne
Ministers of the French King, Louis XVI, reluctantly announce that the Estates General will meet the following year, for the first time since 1614. United States constitution comes into force when New Hampshire becomes the ninth state to ratify it. First Fleet reaches Australia, anchoring in Botany Bay. Arthur Phillip, selecting a suitable site for the first Australian penal colony, names the place Sydney Cove.