© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Luigi Schiavonetti, after John Smart Click on the links below to find out more
stipple and line engraving, 1785-1810
6 1/2 in. x 5 1/4 in. (165 mm x 133 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- James Anderson (1738-1809), Botanist, agriculturalist and physician in India. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Luigi Schiavonetti (1765-1810), Printmaker. Artist associated with 24 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- John Smart (1741-1811), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 19 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
George Prince of Wales secretly marries his mistress Maria Fitzherbert in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act of 1772.Prime Minister William Pitt introduces a bill proposing parliamentary reform and the abolition of 'rotten boroughs' but is defeated.
Art and science
William Cowper publishes his best -known poem The Task
.James Boswell publishes The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides
, narrating his travels with the late writer Samuel Johnson. Physician and naturalist James Hutton presents his studies of local rocks to the Royal Society of Edinburgh, launching the era of scientific geology.
Warren Hastings resigns as Governor-General of Bengal and returns to England. His trial begins on charges of corruption in the administration of India. French sculptor Jean Antoine Houdon crosses the Atlantic to sculpt a statue of George Washington. British government establishes a permanent land force in the Eastern Caribbean, based in Barbados.