© National Portrait Gallery, London
Detail from the Sistine Madonna
by William Say, after Raphael (Raffaello Santi) Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1803-1834 (circa 1512-1514)
3 3/4 in. x 7 1/2 in. (95 mm x 192 mm) paper size
Given by Mrs Masterman, 1963
- Raphael (Raffaello Santi) (1483-1520), Italian painter and draftsman. Artist associated with 9 portraits.
- William Say (1768-1834), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 261 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
The Vice Society is formally established by John Reeves and his associates to campaign against blasphemy and immorality, particularly that perpetrated by Thomas Paine and the Edinburgh Review
Art and science
Erasmus Darwin's Temple of Nature
published posthumously. A scientific treaty in the form of an elaborate couplet poem, its content anticipated some of the evolutionary ideas developed by his grandson, Charles Darwin, fifty years later. Construction of the Caledonian Canal begins.
War with France resumes, sparking new fears of a cross-channel invasion.United Irishman, Robert Emmett's attempted uprising in Dublin. Planned to coincide with Napoleon's expected invasion, it aimed to overthrow the English administration but ended in failure. Emmett is hanged along with several other conspirators.