© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Christopher Wren
by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
13 in. x 9 7/8 in. (330 mm x 251 mm) paper size
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D18737: Sir Christopher Wren (from same plate)
An ailing Queen Anne is unable to attend a thanksgiving ceremony at St. Paul's in July to celebrate the treaty of Utrecht, attended by both Houses of Parliament in full state. John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, on self-imposed exile on the continent, is joined by his wife, Sarah Churchill.
Art and science
Literary fraternity, the Scriblerus Club is founded. Consisting of satirists, including Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope and Thomas Parnell, the club ridiculed current trends in scholarship and culture through the fictitious literary character, Martinus Scriblerus. Joseph Addison's play, Cato
, premieres at Drury Lane and becomes an immediate success.
Treaty of Utrecht, principally conceived by Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford and Henry, St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke, ends the War of the Spanish Succession against France. The accord establishes Bourbon, Philip d'Anjou, on the Spanish throne, with provisos, and forces Louis XIV to recognise a Hanoverian succession in Britain.