© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary Villiers, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox
by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
etching, mid 17th century
9 7/8 in. x 7 3/8 in. (250 mm x 188 mm) paper size
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677), Etcher. Artist associated with 533 portraits, Sitter associated with 10 portraits.
- NPG D20475: Mary Villiers, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox (from same plate)
- NPG D17938: Mary Villiers, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox (from same plate)
- NPG D17939: Mary Villiers, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox (from same plate)
Charles I's first surviving child, Charles, is born in St. James's Palace. He is baptised by the Anglican Bishop of London, William Laud, and brought up in the care of the Protestant Mary Curzon, Countess of Dorset.
Art and science
The Cottonian Library, containing the greatest resource of Old English and Middle English literature, founded by antiquary and anti-royalist, Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, is confiscated by the authorities.
Philip IV of Spain and Charles I sign the Treaty of Madrid, ending hostilities between the two countries. Spanish diplomat, Cesare Alessandro Scaglia, assists with the conclusion of the peace deal. German, Protestant land is regained from Catholic allies on account of Swedish intervention in the Thirty Years' War.