Theobald Wolfe Tone
2 of 2 portraits of Theobald Wolfe Tone
Theobald Wolfe Tone
by T.W. Huffam, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, mid 19th century
8 3/8 in. x 5 1/2 in. (227 mm x 133 mm) plate size; 10 1/4 in. x 7 1/4 in. (260 mm x 183 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
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Artistsback to top
This portraitback to top
The 'father of Irish Republicanism', Tone founded the radical Society of United Irishman in 1791 and persuaded the French to make four invasion attempts on Ireland between 1796 and 1798 to help win the country's full independence from Britain. Tone was captured during the last effort and sentenced to death for high treason. He attempted suicide while in custody and died of his wound eight days later.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Cullen, Fintan, The Irish Face: Redefining the Irish Portrait, 2004, p. 156
Events of 1830back to top
Current affairsGeorge IV dies at Windsor on 26 June; William IV succeeds to the throne.Duke of Wellington resigns as Prime Minister to be succeeded by Earl Grey.'Captain Swing' disturbances among agricultural districts in southern England. Taking their name from a mythical leader, hundreds of labourers break the threshing machines that threaten their winter employment.
Art and scienceLiverpool and Manchester Railway opens; MP William Huskisson is run down by a train and killed at the inaugural ceremony.William Cobbett publishes Rural Rides; a nostalgic tribute to the English countryside which expresses dismay at the sweeping changes taking place.
InternationalJuly Revolution in France overthrows the Bourbon dynasty. Charles X goes into exile in England and Louis Philippe, Duc d'Orleans is proclaimed King by the Chamber of Deputies who fear European opposition to the declaration of a second Republic.
Exhibitions and displays
- Framing the Face: Collars and Ruffs
Until 31 December
- Portrait of the Day: Augustus Pugin
19 December, 12:30