© National Portrait Gallery, London
by George Frederic Watts Click on the links below to find out more
etching, circa 1879
9 7/8 in. x 7 7/8 in. (252 mm x 200 mm) plate size; 13 3/4 in. x 11 1/4 in. (349 mm x 286 mm) paper size
- Alphonse Legros (1837-1911), Painter, sculptor and etcher. Sitter in 30 portraits, Artist associated with 10 portraits.
- George Frederic Watts (1817-1904), Painter and sculptor. Artist associated with 90 portraits, Sitter in 43 portraits.
Women's education continues to grow, with the founding of women's colleges in Oxford. Somerville College took its name from the late Scottish scientific writer Mary Somerville. Lady Margaret Hall was founded by Elizabeth Wordsworth, great niece of the poet, and named after Margaret Beaufort, a medieval noblewoman and mother of Henry VII.
Art and science
Edison invents the first practical electric light bulb.The first prehistoric paintings, dating back 14,000 years, are discovered in the Altamira caves in Northern Spain when a young girl notices paintings of bison on the ceilings. The French actress Sarah Bernhardt, already acclaimed for roles in plays such as Racine's Phèdre
and Victor Hugo's Hernani
, celebrates a successful season at London's Gaiety Theatre.
Anglo-Zulu war fought between British forces and the Zulus, after disputes between the Boers and Zulu leader Cetshywayo over the Utrecht border attracted British intervention. The British victory marked the end of the independent Zulu nation, although the Zulu's initial victory at Isandhlwana was a major surprise. The Battle of Rorke's Drift was dramatised in the film Zulu
, starring Michael Caine, in 1964.