by Francesco Bartolozzi, published by S. Watts, after Richard Cosway Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 4 June 1783
8 in. x 6 in. (203 mm x 151 mm) plate size; 13 1/8 in. x 10 3/8 in. (333 mm x 263 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
- Francesco Bartolozzi (1727-1815), Engraver. Artist associated with 164 portraits, Sitter in 16 portraits.
- Richard Cosway (1742-1821), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 96 portraits, Sitter in 15 portraits.
- S. Watts (active 1783-1789), Publisher. Artist associated with 8 portraits.
- NPG D14778: Maddalena Allegranti (from same plate)
William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne resigns as Prime Minister over the proposed peace terms with the United States. Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford briefly forms a government with Charles James Fox in April but is succeeded by a government under William Pitt the Younger who, at the age of 24 becomes the youngest British Prime Minister ever to take office. The highwayman John Austin is the last person to be publicly executed at Tyburn.
Art and science
Physician and natural philosopher Erasmus Darwin begins publication of A System of Vegetables
, a translation from Latin of the work of Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus in which he coins many common English names of plants.
Defeat of Charles James Fox's India Bill in the House of Lords which aimed to assist ailing British East India Company. American War of Independence: Treaty of Paris is signed by Britain, France, Spain and the United States, under which the British government recognises US independence. Britain begins to evacuate loyalists and the last British troops leave New York City three months later.