Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple

1 portrait of Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple

Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple

by and published by William Dickinson, published by James Watson, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 10 May 1778 (1775-1776)
19 7/8 in. x 14 1/8 in. (505 mm x 358 mm) plate size; 20 1/2 in. x 15 1/8 in. (522 mm x 383 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
Reference Collection
NPG D15009

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Artistsback to top

  • William Dickinson (1746-1823), Engraver and printseller. Artist associated with 84 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
  • Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
  • James Watson (circa 1740-1790), Engraver. Artist associated with 193 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D40506: Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple (from same plate)
  • NPG D40507: Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple (from same plate)
  • NPG D40508: Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple (from same plate)

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Current affairs

Catholic Relief Act is the first to provide a measure of catholic emancipation, modifying the penal laws that effectively prevented Catholics from holding public office. The reform is encouraged by the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Mansfield, who had balked at various prosecutions under the statutes now repealed.

Art and science

Francis D'Arblay, writing as Fanny Burney, publishes her novel Evelina, or the History of a Young Lady's Entrance into the World, in which she satirises contemporary society. Engineer Joseph Bramah invents a type of flush toilet, replacing the usual slide valve with a hinged flap that seals the bottom of the bowl.


American War of Independence: France, joining the American colonies in their fight against Britain, sends a large fleet across the Atlantic. The British rapidly abandon Philadelphia. The American naval hero John Paul Jones makes successful raids around the coasts of Britain. James Cook's third Pacific voyage, aboard the ships HMS Resolution and HMS Discovery, first views Oahu then Kauai in the Hawaiian Islands, which Cook names the Sandwich Islands.

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