Sir William Davenant
published by Edward Baldwyn, after John Greenhill Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, (1673)
9 in. x 6 1/8 in. (229 mm x 157 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
- Edward Baldwyn (active 1813-1817), Printer. Artist associated with 5 portraits.
- John Greenhill (1644?-1676). Artist associated with 29 portraits.
Controversially, James, Duke of York marries a Catholic, Mary of Modena, daughter of Alfonso IV, Duke of Modena. Parliament passes anti-Catholic legislation, the Test Act, which excludes recusants from public office. Officials are required to take an oath and deny the Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation.
Art and science
Poet laureate, John Dryden, influenced by the war against Holland, writes Amboyna
, a tragedy about the Amboyna massacre,1623, when English sailors were murdered by Dutch traders in Indonesia. The Chelsea Physic Garden is established by the Worshipful Society of Apothecaries to train apprentices in plant identification.
War with Holland culminates in the Battle of Texel which effectively exhausts both sides, but results in a strategic Dutch victory. With tension mounting between the allies, lord of the Admiralty, Prince Rupert, blames the unsatisfactory outcome on French admiral d'Estrees, and poor provisions.