John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll
by Robert Bowyer Parkes, published by Henry Graves, after Thomas Gainsborough Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1877
8 1/2 in. x 6 3/8 in. (217 mm x 162 mm) plate size; 13 3/4 in. x 9 in. (351 mm x 230 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
- Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788), Portrait and landscape painter. Artist associated with 262 portraits, Sitter in 8 portraits.
- Henry Graves (1806-1892), Printseller and fine art publisher. Artist associated with 47 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Robert Bowyer Parkes (1830-1891), Engraver. Artist associated with 59 portraits.
- NPG D549: John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll (from same plate)
- NPG D7099: John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll (from same plate)
Trial of social activists Annie Besant and Charles Bradlaugh following their publication of a book by the American birth-control campaigner Charles Knowlton, which suggested that working class families should be able to practice birth control. Although found guilty, the case was thrown out on a technical fault.
Art and science
The Grosevenor Gallery opens, founded by Sir Coutts Lindsay, as a rival to the Royal Academy. It exhibited work by artists such as Edward Burne-Jones and Walter Crane, outside of the British mainstream, and became famous as the home of the Aesthetic movement.The first Lawn Tennis Championship is held at Wimbledon with around 20 male competitors, witnessed by a few hundred spectators. Spencer Gore the first singles champion, wins 12 guineas.
The American inventor Thomas Edison invents the tin foil phonograph, combining the technologies of the telegraph and telephone. Experimenting with a stylus on a tinfoil cylinder, he recorded and played back the short message 'Mary had a little lamb'.