© National Portrait Gallery, London
Princess Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia and Electress Palatine
after Crispijn de Passe the Elder Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 17th century
7 1/8 in. x 5 in. (182 mm x 126 mm) plate size; 11 7/8 in. x 7 1/4 in. (303 mm x 185 mm) paper size
Given by A.W.W. Brown, 1913
- NPG D18129: Princess Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia and Electress Palatine (from same plate)
- NPG D18906: Princess Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia and Electress Palatine (from same plate)
Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex is put on trial for failing to put an end to the rebellion in Ireland, attempting to negotiate a truce with the rebel leader Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, and deserting his post. Charles Blount, Lord Mountjoy, replaces Essex as Lord Deputy of Ireland.The East India Company receives its Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth I.Birth of Prince Charles in Scotland (later King Charles I).
Art and science
William Shakespeare writes Hamlet
.The scientist William Gilbert writes De magnete
('on the magnet'), which pioneers research into the properties of the lodestone (magnetic iron ore) and introduces the terms 'electricity' and 'magnetic pole'. The miniature painter Nicholas Hilliard works on his painting treatise The Art of Limning
at this time.
Henry IV of France marries Marie de Medici from the powerful ruling family of Florence, Italy. The Italian astronomer, philosopher and mathematician Giordano Bruno is sentenced to death by the Roman Inquisition and burned at the stake for heresy.Following the death of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Tokugawa Ieyasu seizes control of Japan at the Battle of Sekigahara.