© National Portrait Gallery, London
Prince Rupert, Count Palatine
published by Pieter de Jode II, after Sir Anthony van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, mid 17th century
6 3/8 in. x 4 7/8 in. (161 mm x 122 mm) plate size; 7 in. x 5 1/4 in. (177 mm x 132 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Prince Rupert, Count Palatine (1619-1682), Soldier and patron of science; son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia and Elizabeth of Bohemia. Sitter associated with 45 portraits, Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Pieter de Jode II (1601-1674), Engraver. Artist associated with 13 portraits.
- Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- NPG D18156: Prince Rupert, Count Palatine (from same plate)
Charles I's first surviving child, Charles, is born in St. James's Palace. He is baptised by the Anglican Bishop of London, William Laud, and brought up in the care of the Protestant Mary Curzon, Countess of Dorset.
Art and science
The Cottonian Library, containing the greatest resource of Old English and Middle English literature, founded by antiquary and anti-royalist, Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, is confiscated by the authorities.
Philip IV of Spain and Charles I sign the Treaty of Madrid, ending hostilities between the two countries. Spanish diplomat, Cesare Alessandro Scaglia, assists with the conclusion of the peace deal. German, Protestant land is regained from Catholic allies on account of Swedish intervention in the Thirty Years' War.