© National Portrait Gallery, London
Monument to Princess Mary
by Richard Gaywood Click on the links below to find out more
etching, circa 1665
11 1/8 in. x 6 1/4 in. (281 mm x 158 mm) plate size; 14 1/8 in. x 8 1/2 in. (358 mm x 215 mm) paper size
- Princess Mary (1605-1607), Daughter of James I. Sitter in 6 portraits.
Great Plague initially breaks out in the deprived parish of St. Giles-in-the-Fields killing thousands. Humphrey Henchman, Bishop of London, takes a leading role in organising collections of money for the poor. Five Mile Act forbids ejected clergymen from living within five miles of a parish they formerly served.
Art and scienceA New Discourse of Trade
, written by Sir Josiah Child, outspokenly advocates for the advantages of free trade. The first issue of the Royal Society's scientific journal, Philosophical Transactions, is edited by Henry Oldenburg, the Society's Secretary.
Second Anglo-Dutch War. Despite England's resounding victory at the first naval encounter, the Battle of Lowestoft, failure to seize the valuable Dutch East Indies fleet by Admiral Edward Montagu, Earl of Sandwich, and subsequent Dutch victory at the battle at Vågen, were considerable setbacks for the English.