© National Portrait Gallery, London
Barbara Palmer (née Villiers), Duchess of Cleveland
by Robert Williams, published by Edward Cooper, after William Wissing Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, (circa 1680-1687)
9 1/2 in. x 7 1/4 in. (240 mm x 183 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
- Edward Cooper (died 1725), Printseller. Artist associated with 169 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Robert Williams (active 1680-1704), Mezzotinter. Artist associated with 75 portraits.
- William Wissing (1656-1687), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 146 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
William Howard, Viscount Stafford, is convicted of impeachment and beheaded on account of his alleged involvement in the Popish Plot. Whigs' sponsorship of a pope-burning procession, for the second consecutive year, supports their campaign to exclude James, Duke of York from the throne.
Art and science
Writer, John Bunyan, publishes, The Life and Death of Mr. Badman
. Novelistic in form and conceived as a dialogue between two gentlemen, the book was intended as a sequel to the first part of The Pilgrim's Progress
Revelations surface of a Catholic uprising in Ireland with French support. The government launches an inquiry, ultimately leading to the execution of Oliver Plunket, Archbishop of Armagh. Secretary of State, Robert Spencer, in adopting an anti-French foreign policy, forges a defensive Anglo-Spanish treaty while seeking an alliance with the Dutch.