by Luigi Schiavonetti, after John Smart Click on the links below to find out more
stipple and line engraving, (1800)
10 in. x 7 1/8 in. (255 mm x 181 mm) plate size; 10 1/2 in. x 7 1/2 in. (266 mm x 190 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
- James Anderson (1738-1809), Botanist, agriculturalist and physician in India. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Luigi Schiavonetti (1765-1810), Printmaker. Artist associated with 24 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- John Smart (1741-1811), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 20 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Widespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and science
William Wordsworth publishes his Preface
to the Lyrical Ballads
; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
Lord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.