© National Portrait Gallery, London
Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)
by Jonathan Spilsbury, after Katharine Read Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published September 1764
12 1/2 in. x 8 7/8 in. (318 mm x 227 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
- Katharine Read (1723-1778), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 41 portraits.
- Jonathan Spilsbury (baptised 1737-1812), Printmaker and portrait painter. Artist associated with 52 portraits.
- NPG D3648: Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge) (from same plate)
- NPG D5655: Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge) (from same plate)
- NPG D13745: Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge) (from same plate)
- NPG D20102: Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge) (from same plate)
Radical John Wilkes publishes his pornographic parody of Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man
; An Essay on Woman
. Parliament moves to expel him once again but Wilkes flees to Paris. He is found guilty of obscene and seditious libel in his absence and declared an outlaw. Sugar Act levies duty on sugar, wine and textiles imported into America while the Currency Act prohibits the American colonies from issuing paper currency in any form.
Art and science
8-year old composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart arrives in London with his family as part of a European tour and amazes British audiences. Artist William Hogarth dies in London.Connoisseur and collector Horace Walpole publishes The Castle of Otranto
; regarded as the first gothic novel.Lancashire weaver James Hargreaves invents the Spinning Jenny.
Catherine the Great founds the Hermitage as a court museum attached to the Winter Palace in St Petersburg.Nawab of Bengal Mir Qasim increasingly independent of the British and rebuilds Bengal's army. He captures the British garrison at Patna and executes his hostages. British forces are victorious at the decisive Battle of Buxar. Mir Qasim flees into exile in Delhi where he later dies. Jesuits are expelled from France.