© National Portrait Gallery, London
King Charles I
by Robert Cooper, after Goddard Dunning Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, (1649)
7 1/8 in. x 5 5/8 in. (180 mm x 144 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- King Charles I (1600-1649), Reigned 1625-49. Sitter associated with 334 portraits.
- Robert Cooper (active 1795-died 1828), Historical and portrait engraver. Artist associated with 184 portraits.
- Goddard Dunning (circa 1614-after 1678). Artist associated with 2 portraits.
Charged with subverting the nation's laws and liberties and cruelly making war against Parliament and the English people, Charles I is found guilty by a court of 159 commissioners, and beheaded outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall. England is declared a commonwealth and power is entrusted to a Council of State.
Art and scienceEikon Basilike
, a self-exonerating account of Charles I's rule, is published days after his death. Allegedly written by the king himself, John Gauden, Bishop of Worcester, claimed authorship after the Restoration. Other tributes followed the king's death giving rise to a royalist cult of Charles the Martyr.
Oliver Cromwell, as lord lieutenant of Ireland, begins his brutal campaign in Ireland to subdue royalist support, and leads English Parliamentarian forces against the Royalist-Confederate coalition. The campaign's bloody massacres, in particular, the Siege of Drogheda and Wexford where Cromwell's troops slaughtered soldiers and civilians alike, became notorious.