© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Howard, 14th Earl of Arundel
by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
9 1/4 in. x 7 1/8 in. (236 mm x 181 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677), Etcher. Artist associated with 533 portraits, Sitter associated with 10 portraits.
First Bishop's War. Conflict between Scotland and England over the king's intention to replace Scottish Presbyterianism with High Anglicanism is fiercely opposed by Scottish covenanters. Both sides assemble armies with Archibald Campbell, Marquess of Argyll emerging as leader of the covenanters. Only skirmishes occur, quickly leading to negotiations at Berwick.
Art and science
Archbishop Laud donates the Peterborough Chronicle
, one of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles
, to the Bodleian Library. Astronomer Jeremiah Horrocks having predicted the transit of Venus in November, observes and records it. Horrocks's draft treatise on the planet's transit, Venus in sole visa
, is posthumously published by Johannes Hevelius in 1662.
Naval Battle of the Downs. Dutch Admiral Maarten Tromp, decisively defeats the Spanish, under Admiral Antonio de Oquendo. It is fought in the English Channel. Francis Day, of the British East India Company, acquires land from King of Chandragiri, and founds Fort St. George, which would later become Madras (Chennai).