Elizabeth Montagu (née Robinson)
by Charles Townley, published by Jean Marc Pascal, after Frances Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1 May 1784
8 5/8 in. x 6 1/2 in. (220 mm x 165 mm) plate size; 9 1/4 in. x 7 1/4 in. (234 mm x 184 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
- Jean Marc Pascal (active 1784). Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- Frances Reynolds (1729-1807), Painter, poet and writer on art. Artist associated with 6 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Charles Townley (1746-circa 1800), Painter and engraver. Artist associated with 23 portraits.
- Place made: Germany (Berlin, Germany)
Theatre proprietor and postal reformer John Palmer runs the first mail coach in England, between Bristol and London. A three day journey is now completed in 16 hours. Commutation Act reduces punitive duties on tea to combat smuggling.
Art and science
Aeronaut James Sadler makes the first hot air balloon flight in Britain, from Oxford to Woodeaton.Chemist Henry Cavendish's paper Experiments on Air
reveals the composition of water.Writer Samuel Johnson dies.Joshua Reynolds succeeds Allan Ramsay as Painter to the King.
Thomas Jefferson's Land Ordinance passed by the United States' Continental Congress, coming into effect the following year. It allows for the sale of land in the largely unmapped west of the country. Britain receives its first bales of cotton from the United States since before the War of American Independence. William Pitt's India Act creates a Board of Control to oversee the affairs of the British East India Company and centralise power.