© Mark Gerson / National Portrait Gallery, London
by Mark Gerson Click on the links below to find out more
bromide print, 1961
9 1/2 in. x 7 1/2 in. (240 mm x 190 mm)
- Mark Gerson (1921-), Photographer. Artist associated with 276 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
Peter Benenson's article The Forgotten Prisoners
is published internationally, inspiring the founding of the human rights organisation, Amnesty International.The philosopher and peace activist Bertrand Russell is imprisoned for inciting civil disobedience during a sit down demonstration at the Ministry of Defence and Hyde Park.The farthing coin - used in Britain for the last 7 centuries - ceases to be legal tender.
Art and science
Rudolf Nureyev defects from the USSR fearing that the KGB would arrest him for being gay and for fraternising with foreigners. After seeking asylum in Paris he set up home in London at the Royal Ballet and began his famous partnership with Margot Fonteyn.The satirical magazine, Private Eye
is first published.
The East German government erects the Berlin Wall, ceasing free movement between East and West Berlin. The barrier prevented citizens of Soviet controlled East Germany from crossing the border into West Germany to work, or to defect.Yuri Gagarin, the soviet cosmonaut, becomes the first man in space orbiting the earth on the 12th April.