© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine
by and published by William Sharp, after Richard Cosway Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 2 May 1791
9 5/8 in. x 6 5/8 in. (243 mm x 167 mm) plate size; 12 7/8 in. x 9 1/8 in. (326 mm x 231 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
- Richard Cosway (1742-1821), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 96 portraits, Sitter in 15 portraits.
- William Sharp (1749-1824), Engraver. Artist associated with 73 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
Thomas Paine publishes his inflammatory and widely read Rights of Man
in response to Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France
of the previous year. The work advocates radical revolution and prompts a trial for seditious libel that takes place in his absence.The Catholic Relief Act is passed, repealing the most severe penal laws.
Art and science
Astronomer William Herschel discovers Uranus.Robert Burns publishes Tam O'Shanter
, combining the Scottish vernacular with the formal traditions of classical English poetry and exploring radical ideas of freedom.The Observer
newspaper is founded.The Ordnance Survey
is set up to prepare detailed maps of the country.
Mozart composes The Magic Flute
.The Declaration of the Rights of Man
establishes liberal freedoms in France The French Constitution is passed by the National Assembly. Louis XVI flees Paris with his family but is captured at Varennes.William Pitt declares Britain will remain neutral in any war against France.