© National Portrait Gallery, London
Aletheia Talbot, Countess of Arundel
by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Sir Anthony van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
10 5/8 in. x 7 7/8 in. (270 mm x 199 mm) plate size; 11 1/8 in. x 8 1/8 in. (281 mm x 206 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677), Etcher. Artist associated with 533 portraits, Sitter associated with 10 portraits.
- Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- NPG D18366: Aletheia Talbot, Countess of Arundel (from same plate)
- NPG D18367: Aletheia Talbot, Countess of Arundel (from same plate)
- NPG D20226: Aletheia Talbot, Countess of Arundel (from same plate)
First civil war ends. Under Thomas Fairfax, Commander-in-Chief, Parliamentarians defeat Royalist armies in the last major conflicts of the war, the Battles of Torrington and Stow-on-the-Wold. The subsequent fall of Royalist Oxford forces Charles I to flee and he surrenders himself to the Scots at Newark.
Art and science
Portrait painter, William Dobson, returns to London after the defeat of the king and is briefly imprisoned for debt. He dies in poverty aged thirty-five.
Instructed by Charles I, James Butler, Marquess of Ormonde resumes negotiations with the Irish Confederates attempting to raise troops for the royalist cause. The resulting First Ormonde Peace, though publicly proclaimed, is eventually rejected by the Confederates on account of papal ambassador, Archbishop Rinuccini's considerable influence.