© National Portrait Gallery, London
Aletheia Talbot, Countess of Arundel
by Richard Gaywood, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
etching, published 1655
6 1/8 in. x 3 3/4 in. (157 mm x 95 mm) paper size
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- Richard Gaywood (active 1644-1668). Artist associated with 100 portraits.
- NPG D18369: Aletheia Talbot, Countess of Arundel (from same plate)
- NPG D18370: Aletheia Talbot, Countess of Arundel (from same plate)
Secretary of State, John Thurloe, implements a highly efficient intelligence service and thwarts plans for a series of royalist uprisings which produced only Penruddock's revolt. Following ineffectual royalist riots, Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell, appoints nineteen Major-generals to manage regional government and prevent future challenges to the protectorate.
Art and science
Publication of the controversial work De corpore
, by philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, prompts mathematician, John Wallis to scornfully refute the work in Elenchus geometriae Hobbianae
, starting a bitter, long-running polemical dispute between the two men.
General Robert Venables and Admiral William Penn lead an expedition to the Caribbean to threaten Spanish trade routes and weaken Catholic influence in the New World. An integral part of Cromwell's foreign policy to curb Spanish power, the campaign, Cromwell's 'western design', fails leading to war in Europe.