© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary, Princess of Orange
by Pieter de Jode II, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, mid 17th century
6 1/2 in. x 4 7/8 in. (166 mm x 123 mm) plate size; 9 7/8 in. x 6 5/8 in. (251 mm x 168 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Mary, Princess of Orange (1631-1660), Daughter of Charles I; wife of William II of Orange-Nassau. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
- Pieter de Jode II (1601-1674), Engraver. Artist associated with 13 portraits.
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
Charles I's first surviving child, Charles, is born in St. James's Palace. He is baptised by the Anglican Bishop of London, William Laud, and brought up in the care of the Protestant Mary Curzon, Countess of Dorset.
Art and science
The Cottonian Library, containing the greatest resource of Old English and Middle English literature, founded by antiquary and anti-royalist, Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, is confiscated by the authorities.
Philip IV of Spain and Charles I sign the Treaty of Madrid, ending hostilities between the two countries. Spanish diplomat, Cesare Alessandro Scaglia, assists with the conclusion of the peace deal. German, Protestant land is regained from Catholic allies on account of Swedish intervention in the Thirty Years' War.