© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, 2nd Earl Fitzwilliam
by Joseph Grozer, published by William Austin, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 31 March 1786
15 1/2 in. x 11 in. (394 mm x 280 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
- William Austin (1721-1820), Drawing master and engraver. Artist associated with 14 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Joseph Grozer (circa 1755-1798), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 27 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- NPG D17894: William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, 2nd Earl Fitzwilliam (from same plate)
- NPG D36961: William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, 2nd Earl Fitzwilliam (from same plate)
Philosopher and politician Edmund Burke instigates impeachment proceedings against Warren Hastings, former Governor-General of Bengal after concerns about the moral standards of the British in India are raised. Prime Minister William Pitt appoints commissioners for the reduction of the national debt and establishes a sinking fund of £1 million a year. Government approves the establishment of a penal colony at Botany Bay.
Art and science
Robert Burns publishes Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect bringing him immediate success across the country. Engraver and publisher John Boydell initiates plans for his Shakespeare Gallery in an effort to establish a school of British history painting. Merchant David Dale establishes New Lanark in South Lanarkshire, Scotland, as a model cotton milling community.
General Charles Cornwallis succeeds Warren Hastings as Governor-General in India. Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Marriage of Figaro
premieres in Vienna. Francisco Goya is appointed court painter to the Spanish king Charles III.