© National Portrait Gallery, London
Catherine of Braganza
after Dirk Stoop Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1656-1662
9 3/4 in. x 7 3/8 in. (248 mm x 187 mm) paper size
- Dirk Stoop (circa 1610-circa 1685). Artist associated with 8 portraits.
- NPG D18435: Catherine of Braganza (from same plate)
The Quaker, James Nayler, rides on horseback into Bristol in imitation of Christ entering Jerusalem. He is imprisoned for blasphemy. Oliver Cromwell reluctantly calls a second Protectorate Parliament hoping a compliant parliament will raise money urgently required for the Anglo-Spanish War and maintenance of military government at home.
Art and science
Political theorist, James Harrington, publishes his influential magnus opus, The Commonwealth of Oceana
, which advocates for a utopian republic. Gardener and collector, John Tradescant the Younger, publishes England's first museum catalogue, Musaeum Tradescantianum
, for his museum of rarities housed in his home, called 'The Ark'.
War with Spain officially declared. Admiral, Edward Montagu, Earl of Sandwich concludes a treaty with Portugal eagerly requiring support to free itself from Spain. Admiral Robert Blake, keeping the fleet at sea throughout the winter to blockade Spain's coastline, enables Captain Richard Stayner to capture a Spanish plate fleet.