© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Adam, published by James Caulfield, published by Isaac Herbert Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1794
6 3/4 in. x 4 3/4 in. (173 mm x 121 mm) plate size; 10 7/8 in. x 8 3/8 in. (275 mm x 214 mm) paper size
- Robert Winter (1568-1606), Gunpowder plot conspirator. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- Adam (active 1794), Engraver. Artist associated with 10 portraits.
- James Caulfield (1764-1826), Writer and publisher. Artist associated with 45 portraits.
- Isaac Herbert (active 1793-1798), Bookseller and printseller. Artist associated with 26 portraits.
Treason Trials against John Horne Tooke, Thomas Hardy and John Thelwall take place amidst fears of domestic revolution. Their acquittal marks the most dramatic victory of the cause.Leader of the Opposition, Charles James Fox's Libel Bill secures the landmark right of trial by jury for the accused.Thomas Muir and the four other Scottish Martyrs who campaigned for parliamentary reform were transported to Australia for sedition.
Art and science
Edward Jenner discovers the smallpox inoculation after realising that those who worked with cattle and caught cowpox developed immunity.Drury Lane Theatre re-opens under the management of the playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan. In competition with the Covent Garden Theatre it featured a new pit and boxes designed by architect Henry Holland.
Maximilien Robespierre, member of the French dictatorial Committee of Public Safety is arrested and executed as part of a conspiracy by enemies who disliked his anti-extremist stance and zeal for social reform.Campaign in the Low Countries under the Duke of York. Allies are defeated and French reoccupy Brussels. British troops retreat to Holland.