© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
by John Henry Robinson, published by John Saunders, after Sir Thomas Lawrence Click on the links below to find out more
stipple and line engraving, published 1840 (circa 1805)
11 in. x 7 5/8 in. (280 mm x 195 mm) plate size; 11 3/4 in. x 8 1/2 in. (297 mm x 217 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
- Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 684 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.
- John Henry Robinson (1796-1871), Engraver. Artist associated with 118 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- John Saunders (active 1840), Publisher. Artist associated with 10 portraits.
- NPG 5185: William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne (after)
Victoria marries her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; he is given the title of Prince Consort. The Penny Black stamp is introduced by Rowland Hill; the first pre-paid, self-adhesive stamp, it marks the start of the modern postal system.The start of the Irish potato famine, which by the time of its peak in 1851, had caused the deaths of one million, and contributed to the sharp rise of emigration from Ireland to England and America.
Art and science
Beau Brummel, the fashion leader responsible for sparking the culture of 'Dandyism', dies of syphilis.The first stone is laid on the new Houses of Parliament, based on the gothic designs by the architects Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin. The old buildings had burned down in 1834, following a blaze caused by burning wooden tallies used by the Exchequer to calculate tax.
The Afghans surrender to Britain during the Afghan-British war (1839-42). The war was sparked by British fear over Russian influence in Afghanistan, with the British East India Company resolving to depose the Afghan leader, Dost Muhammad, who was insistent on Afghan independence, and restore the former leader Shoja Shah. The Maoris yield sovereignty of New Zealand under Treaty of Waitangi.