© National Portrait Gallery, London
Anne Hyde, Duchess of York
by Pierre Lombart, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1669
5 5/8 in. x 3 1/4 in. (142 mm x 84 mm) paper size
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 842 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Pierre Lombart (1612 or 1613-1682), Engraver. Artist associated with 132 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Place made: France (Paris, France)
An indulgence is issued in Scotland, the result of Secretary of State for Scotland, John Maitland's negotiations with Presbyterians, allowing some formerly ejected clergymen to return to their ministries. Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I, dies at the château de Colombes and is buried in the Cathedral of St Denis.
Art and science
Architect, Christopher Wren is appointed surveyor of the king's works. Mathematician, Isaac Newton, is made Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge. Earlier in the year, he builds the first known reflecting telescope.Diarist Samuel Pepys, with failing eyesight, stops writing his diary never to resume.
Charles II begins secret diplomatic negotiations with Louis XIV of France in April, with a view to securing an alliance against the Dutch, and financial support. Communications between the two monarchs flowed through Charles's sister, Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orleans, sister-in-law of Louis.