© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sir George Scharf Click on the links below to find out more
pen and ink, 1861
6 in. x 4 in. (153 mm x 102 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by Richard O'Donoghue, 2004
- George Grote (1794-1871), Classical historian and Liberal politician; MP for City of London. Sitter in 15 portraits.
- Sir George Scharf (1820-1895), Artist and art historian; first Director of the National Portrait Gallery. Artist associated with 80 portraits, Sitter in 79 portraits.
Death of Prince Albert, from typhoid fever. Queen Victoria goes into a long period of mourning, withdrawing from public duties, and becomes known by the satirical title 'Widow of Windsor'.
Art and science
Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management
is published by her husband Sidney, who successfully maintained the Beeton brand after his wife's early death seven years later. The highly popular book, containing recipes and advice for housekeeping, appealed to the Victorian belief that a woman's role was managing the home.Morris, Marshall, Faulkner and Company is founded, marking the start of the arts and crafts movement.
The American civil war begins after the Confederate army attacks Union forces at Fort Sumner in April. The Confederates, comprised of eleven southern states who seceded from the Union over the right to independence on issues such as abolition, are presided over by Jefferson Davis, formerly senator of Mississippi. Although the Union had early successes, the Confederates' victory at Bull Run sets the Union up for a long, four-year war.