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King Stephen

19 of 21 portraits of King Stephen

King Stephen, by George Vertue, engraved 1733 - NPG D18687 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

King Stephen

by George Vertue
engraving, engraved 1733
11 3/8 in. x 7 1/2 in. (288 mm x 191 mm) plate size; 11 7/8 in. x 8 in. (302 mm x 203 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
Reference Collection
NPG D18687

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Sitterback to top

  • King Stephen (circa 1092-1154), Reigned 1135-54. Sitter associated with 21 portraits.

Artistback to top

  • George Vertue (1683-1756), Engraver and antiquary. Artist associated with 852 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.

Events of 1733back to top

Current affairs

Prime Minister Robert Walpole narrowly escapes defeat in the House of Lords over the investigation into the South Sea affair. His Excise scheme, introduced the previous year, also provokes widespread resistance among merchants and is withdrawn. Sugar and Molasses Act is passed by Parliament to tax British colonists in North America.

Art and science

John Kay, working in the Lancashire woollen industry, patents the flying shuttle to speed up weaving. Poet Alexander Pope publishes his philosophical Essay on Man, which proposes a system of ethics in poetic form. Clergyman Stephen Hales publishes the second volume of his Statical Essays, Haemastaticks, describing the measurement of the 'force of the blood', later known as blood pressure.


Philip V of Spain and Louis XV of France sign the Treaty of Escurial and form an alliance against Britain. Voltaire publishes Letters on the English Nation comparing France unfavourably with England. British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia.

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