© Lucinda Douglas-Menzies / National Portrait Gallery, London
John Julius Cooper, 2nd Viscount Norwich
by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies Click on the links below to find out more
selenium-toned bromide fibre print, 1982
11 in. x 8 1/2 in. (280 mm x 215 mm)
Unemployment hits 3.6 million in the UK, with one in eight people out of work. The crisis came about as a result of industrial modernisation and restructuring. As a result those out of work were referred to as 'Maggie's millions'.Charles and Diana have their first child, Prince William, who becomes the second in line for the throne.
Art and science
Richard Attenborough releases his biopic Gandhi
, starring Ben Kingsley as the lead. The film was an Anglo-Indian production, featuring a record-breaking 300,000 extras.The Barbican Arts Centre is opened featuring a concert hall, theatres, cinema screens and an art gallery. In 2003 it was voted London's ugliest building in a BBC poll.The Thames Barrier opens to protect London from floods due to rising sea levels.
Argentina occupies the Falkland Islands beginning the Falklands War. Britain retaliated, and after three months of fighting at sea and on land won back the islands. Following the British victory opposition grew in Argentina towards the military government, while in Britain a wave of patriotism helped Margaret Thatcher to win the general election the following year.