1 portrait of Jonathan Swift
by Thomas Burford, published by John Bowles, after Markham
13 7/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (352 mm x 250 mm) plate size; 14 1/8 in. x 10 1/4 in. (360 mm x 259 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
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Events of 1744back to top
Current affairsJohn Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville resigns over criticism of his foreign policy. Henry Pelham and Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle form the 'Broad-Bottom Administration'.
HMS Victory is wrecked on the Casquets in the Channel Islands with the loss of around 900 lives.
Art and sciencePhilosopher David Hume publishes his Essays Moral and Political.
Poet Alexander Pope dies.
First known Laws of cricket are drawn up by a group of noblemen and gentlemen who use the Artillery Ground in London.
InternationalNavigator George Anson returns home after sailing around the world.
War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia marches on Prague, initiating the Second Silesian War. British fleet defeated by a Franco-Spanish fleet at the Battle of Toulon. Bad weather causes the French to abandon invasion of Britain with the Scottish pretender Charles Edward Stuart. The Quadruple Alliance of Britain, Austria, Saxony-Poland and the Netherlands is formed against Prussia.