Sir John Hawkins
2 of 5 portraits of Sir John Hawkins
Sir John Hawkins
by R. Clamp, published by E. & S. Harding, after Silvester Harding, after James Roberts
stipple engraving, published 1 September 1794
7 1/8 in. x 5 1/4 in. (182 mm x 134 mm) plate size; 11 in. x 8 in. (280 mm x 202 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
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Artistsback to top
- R. Clamp (active 1789-1798), Engraver. Artist associated with 62 portraits.
- E. & S. Harding (active 1786-before 1798), Publishers. Artist associated with 92 portraits.
- Silvester Harding (1745-1809), Artist; publisher. Artist associated with 217 portraits.
- James Roberts (1753-in or after 1809), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 52 portraits.
Events of 1794back to top
Current affairsTreason Trials against John Horne Tooke, Thomas Hardy and John Thelwall take place amidst fears of domestic revolution. Their acquittal marks the most dramatic victory of the cause.
Leader of the Opposition, Charles James Fox's Libel Bill secures the landmark right of trial by jury for the accused.
Thomas Muir and the four other Scottish Martyrs who campaigned for parliamentary reform were transported to Australia for sedition.
Art and scienceEdward Jenner discovers the smallpox inoculation after realising that those who worked with cattle and caught cowpox developed immunity.
Drury Lane Theatre re-opens under the management of the playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan. In competition with the Covent Garden Theatre it featured a new pit and boxes designed by architect Henry Holland.
InternationalMaximilien Robespierre, member of the French dictatorial Committee of Public Safety is arrested and executed as part of a conspiracy by enemies who disliked his anti-extremist stance and zeal for social reform.
Campaign in the Low Countries under the Duke of York. Allies are defeated and French reoccupy Brussels. British troops retreat to Holland.