© National Portrait Gallery, London
The Seven Bishops committed to the Tower in 1688
by Robert White, published by Thomas Basset, published by Thomas Fox Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1689
10 3/8 in. x 6 3/8 in. (265 mm x 162 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Thomas Basset (active 1680-1689), Publisher. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- Thomas Fox (active 1680-1689), Publisher. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- Robert White (1645-1703), Engraver. Artist associated with 608 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Thomas Ken (1637-1711), Bishop of Bath and Wells. Sitter in 20 portraits.
- John Lake (1624-1689), Bishop of Chichester. Sitter in 13 portraits.
- William Lloyd (1627-1717), Bishop of Worcester. Sitter in 19 portraits.
- William Sancroft (1617-1693), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter in 29 portraits.
- Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Bt (1650-1721), Bishop of Winchester. Sitter associated with 15 portraits.
- Francis Turner (1638?-1700), Bishop of Ely. Sitter in 14 portraits.
- Thomas White (1628-1698), Bishop of Peterborough. Sitter in 13 portraits.
- NPG D1333: The Seven Bishops Committed to the Tower in 1688 (from same plate)
William III is crowned jointly with his wife Mary II in Westminster Abbey in an unprecedented coronation of two monarchs. The Bill of Rights is passed establishing the supremacy of Parliament, while limiting the power of the Crown.Scottish Jacobites defeat Williamite troops at the Battle of Killiiecrankie.
Art and science
Thomas Shadwell, appointed poet laureate and historiographer royal, replaces John Dryden, his literary adversary. John Riley and Godfrey Kneller are jointly appointed principal painter to the king.Composer Henry Purcell presents his opera, Dido and Aeneas
, at Josias Priest's girls' school.
Supported by Irish Catholics, deposed James II lands in Ireland with French troops commanded by Duc de Lauzun. Within months, James and Jacobite, Richard Talbot, Earl of Tyrconnel convene the 'Patriot Parliament' which re-establishes Catholics into government and repeals the Act of Settlement (1652), restoring confiscated lands to Catholic owners.